Small Animal Reproductive Services

The #1 cause of canine infertility is poor timing. Management of the breeding cycle helps to maximize both litter size and conception rates. Let us help you avoid complications and manage them should they arise. Our doctor can help you formulate a plan focused on maintaining health and arriving at the best possible outcome.

Initial pre-breeding exam and breeding cycle management
A pre-breeding consultation will identify a breeding plan that fits your female. Additional consultation will follow with serial progesterone testing and vaginal cytologies to identify the proper time to breed for higher conception rates.

Progesterone testing
Simple blood test with next-day results. Progesterone testing is employed during breeding cycle management and C-section planning.

Brucella testing
Brucella canis is a bacteria that can infect male and female dogs (intact and neutered). B. canis can be transmitted through semen and bodily secretions and is devastating in its effects, including sterility in male dogs and abortion in females. B. Canis is also zoonotic and able to infect humans. We therefore recommend testing your breeding canines 1-2 times annually to ensure negative status.

Vaginal artificial insemination
Artificial insemination of fresh or chilled semen into the vaginal cavity. Semen will be evaluated at the time of breeding.

Trans-cervical insemination (TCI)
Artificial insemination of fresh, chilled, or frozen semen via endoscopic visualization of the cervix and deposition of semen directly into the uterus. This new procedure is typically done with the female standing and without sedation. It simulates the natural tie and deposits semen closer to the site of fertilization compared to traditional vaginal artificial insemination. TCI is currently recommended over surgical insemination. Semen will be evaluated at the time of breeding.

Pregnancy check
Pregnancy checks can be done via trans-abdominal ultrasound beginning on 25-27 days post ovulation. Alternatively, pregnancy checks and puppy counts can be done via radiography the week prior to your female’s anticipated due date.

C-section planning
C-sections are recommended for certain breeds that traditionally have difficulty whelping. In addition, we recommend C-sections for small litters less than 4 puppies and large litters over 10 puppies for improved neonatal survival. C-sections are carefully planned through fetal viability/maturity ultrasounds and progesterone testing to plan surgery when puppies are mature and ready.

Medical management of pyometra
The incidence of pyometra, or bacterial infection of the uterus, increases with age in our intact females. Pyometra occur during the first 2 months following a heat cycle and can be life threatening. Depending on the systemic status of your female, pyometra can be managed medically with hospitalization or surgically via spaying.

Dystocia management
Females in dystocia, or difficult delivery, will be assessed and a thorough fetal viability ultrasound will be performed. Medical management or surgical management will be recommended based on diagnostic testing.

Semen collection and evaluation
Following semen collection, semen evaluation will include obtaining total sperm numbers, progressive motility, and morphology. This can be done for a baseline male evaluation, side-by-side breeding, semen shipment, and semen freezing.

Breeding soundness exam — male
A breeding soundness exam will include semen collection and evaluation. In addition, testicular ultrasound will be performed to assess size and quality of the tissue.

Semen shipping
A full semen collection and evaluation (see above) will be performed. In addition, semen extender will be added to prolong sperm viability for shipment. Shipment can be prepared to any of the US states.

Semen freezing
A full semen collection and evaluation (see above) will be performed. Following evaluation, semen will be subjected to a freezing protocol that will ultimately result in preservation of semen in liquid nitrogen indefinitely. JVC offers semen storage on site via signed contract.